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Muhammad Shah Rangeela History in Urdu: A PDF Book You Don't Want to Miss

Muhammad Shah Rangeela History in Urdu PDF Download

If you are interested in learning about the history of Muhammad Shah Rangeela, the Mughal emperor who ruled from 1719 to 1748, you can download a PDF book in Urdu that covers his life and legacy. Muhammad Shah Rangeela, whose original name was Roshan Akhtar, was the grandson of Bahadur Shah I and the fourth son of Khujista Akhtar. He was born in 1702 at Fatehpur Sikri and was just 17 years old when he ascended to the Peacock Throne.

muhammad shah rangeela history in urdu pdf download

The Reign of Decadence and Degeneration

Muhammad Shah Rangeela's reign was marked by the decline of the Mughal Empire and the degeneration of the Muslim society in India. He was a pleasure-loving and merry-making ruler who neglected his political and military affairs. He spent his time in partridge and elephant fights, jugglers and mime artists, and love-making with his numerous wives and concubines. He was also fond of dressing up in women's clothes and wearing pearl-embroidered shoes.

His reign was highly eventful and tumultuous, as he faced many challenges and threats from internal and external enemies. He came to power with the help of the Syed brothers, who were the king-makers of the time. They dethroned and executed his predecessor Farrukh Siyar, who was also his cousin. However, Muhammad Shah Rangeela soon got rid of them with the help of Nizam-ul-Mulk, who became his Vazir. But Nizam-ul-Mulk also turned against him and retired to Deccan, where he established an independent state of Hyderabad in 1725.

The Rise of Independent and Semi-Independent States

The reign of Muhammad Shah Rangeela witnessed the rise of many independent and semi-independent states that broke away from the Mughal Empire. Bengal, Oudh, and South India became autonomous regions under their own governors. Kabul also seceded from the empire and became part of Afghanistan. Splinter groups such as Marathas, Sikhs, Jats, Rajputs, and Rohillas gained strength and motivation from the growing weakness of the Mughals. They started a long war with the Mughals that lasted from 1725 to 1763. The Marathas even entered Delhi in 1738 and forced Muhammad Shah Rangeela to agree to favorable terms for them.

The Invasion of Nadir Shah

Another event of great significance was the invasion of Nadir Shah, the ruler of Persia, in 1739. Nadir Shah defeated the Mughal army at the Battle of Karnal and advanced on Delhi. After nine hundred of his soldiers were killed in a bazaar brawl, Nadir Shah ordered a massacre. At the end of a single day's slaughter, thousands of Delhi's citizens lay dead, and the wealth gathered by generations of Mughal emperors was taken away in a caravan of several thousand carts and camels. Nadir Shah also took away the Peacock Throne, the Koh-i-Noor diamond, and other precious jewels.

The Patronage of Culture and Arts

Despite presiding over the decline of Mughal political power, Muhammad Shah Rangeela also proved to be a discerning patron of culture and arts. He reestablished the imperial painting atelier and employed master artists such as Nidha Mal and Chitarman, who painted vivacious and bucolic scenes of court life, such as Holi celebrations, hunting and hawking, and love-making. He also patronized Urdu poets, musicians, dancers, scholars, theologians, and mystics. Delhi society came to be enlivened by a culture of coffee houses and literary salons.

The Death of Muhammad Shah Rangeela

Muhammad Shah Rangeela died on 26 April 1748 at the age of 45 in Delhi. He was buried in the Mausoleum of Muhammad Shah, near the Nizamuddin Dargah. He was succeeded by his son Ahmad Shah Bahadur, who proved to be an incompetent and weak ruler. Muhammad Shah Rangeela's death marked the end of an era of cultural and artistic flourishing, as well as the beginning of the final collapse of the Mughal Empire.

Muhammad Shah Rangeela History in Urdu PDF Download

If you want to download a PDF book in Urdu that covers the history of Muhammad Shah Rangeela, you can find it online or in a library. The book will tell you about his life, his reign, his achievements, his failures, his patronage, and his legacy. You will also learn about the historical context of his time, the political and social conditions of India, and the major events that shaped his destiny. You will get a glimpse of the colorful and decadent court life of the Mughals, as well as the tragic and violent fate that befell them.

Muhammad Shah Rangeela History in Urdu PDF Download is a book that will enrich your knowledge and understanding of one of the most fascinating and controversial figures of Indian history. It will also entertain you with its vivid and lively descriptions of the culture and arts of the Mughal era. It is a book that you don't want to miss. b99f773239


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